Challenge, Opportunity, Discipline and Ethics Program for High Risk Offenders: An Analysis of Key Outcome Measures

Kevin L. Jackson, Federal Bureau of Prisons
Nancy A. Miller, Federal Bureau of Prisons
Christopher A. Innes, National Institute of Justice
Adrienne L. Vyfhuis, Federal Bureau of Prisons

ABSTRACT
The four-phase Challenge, Opportunity, Discipline and Ethics residential treatment program (C.O.D.E.) was implemented to encourage better adjustment among high-security Federal offenders. C.O.D.E. recognizes the important link between what offenders think and how they behave. Special emphasis is placed on teacing participants of this voluntary program about prosocial values and the associated life skills that are required to maintain a non-criminal lifestyle. The theoretical and empirical bases, and treatment modality for this highly structured, intensive 9-month program are described. Those offenders who are waiting to participate in C.O.D.E., did not complete the program, or withdrew prior to participating are used as contrast groups to better assess the gains made by program graduates. Multiple institutional adjustment measures and self-report criminal history and attitude data are analyzed at several stages. Pre and post differences in criminal thinking variables as they relate to disciplinary incidents are of particular interest. Early results of the analyses are presented and indicate the C.O.D.E. is headed in a positive direction.

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Updated 05/20/2006