Quasi-Experimental Outcomes From the Brooklyn Treatment Court's Women's Criminal Justice/Treatment Network

John Roman, The Urban Institute
Adele V. Harrell, The Urban Institute

ABSTRACT
This paper will present findings from the outcome evaluation of female offenders participating in the Brooklyn Treatment Court (BTC). The King's County Supreme Court (NY) began the BTC in 1996 as an experimental project to test the feasibility and effectiveness of reducing offender drug use and criminal activity through court-mandated drug treatment and case management. BTC links drug-involved defendants to treatment by identifying defendants early in their court contact, requiring completion of treatment as a condition of case dismissal, assessing and matching defendants to appropriate treatment settings and services and actively monitoring each defendant's progress, with particular emphasis on female defendants. The evaluation uses a quasi-experimental design, using a modified Addiction Severity Index, to model behavioral changes, including heatlh status, employment and other indicators, with particular attention to changes in drug use and recidivism. Outcomes are modeled using a contemporaneous comparison group drawn from female offenders arrested in Brooklyn in zones that were not eligible for participation in BTC.

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Updated 05/20/2006