Rearrest Rates Among Drug Court Participants: A Suburban Experience

Deborah Koetzle Shaffer, University of Cincinnati
Shelley Johnson Listwan, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Timothy W. Godsey, University of Cincinnati
Edward J. Latessa, University of Cincinnati

ABSTRACT
This study presents findings from an outcome evaluation conducted on a drug court in a large jurisdiction. The court targets adult offenders who have been convicted of misdemeanor or felony drug-motivated offenses. Potential clients are screened for eligibility using both the Substance Abuse Subtle Screening Instrument (SASSI) and the Offender Profile Index (OPI). Once accepted into the court, participants move through four phases of treatment, appear at bi-weekly program review hearings, and must submit to random drug screens. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare drug court participants with a matched group of probationers. Groups were matched with regard to selected demographic characteristics as well as the presence of a substance abuse problem. In addition to basic demographics, data were collected on offense and disposition, prior criminal history, drug use and treatment history, current treatment needs, treatment placement and outcome, court reported violations, satisfaction with the drug court and its process, and termination status of drug court participants. Recidivism data will be collected during March and April of 2001. Logistic regression will be utilized to estimate the probability of rearrest.

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Updated 05/20/2006