Neighborhood Institutions: The Effect on Neighborhood Crime Rates

Ruth Triplett, Old Dominion University
Ivan Y. Sun, Old Dominion University
Randy R. Gainey, Old Dominion University

ABSTRACT
Since its development by Shaw and McKay, the theory of Social Disorganization has led criminologists to consider the important role neighborhood based institutions have on crime. Through the years a number of theorists have continued to develop ideas on the characteristics of effective neighborhood based institutions and just how these institutions work to control crime. As of yet, research in this area remains relatively sparse both because of a need for further theoretical development and the difficulties inherent in testing existing ideas. The purpose of this paper is to outline a framework for further development and teting of ideas on the importance on neighborhood based institutions.l

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Updated 05/20/2006