Arrestee Mobility in Geographical and Social Space

Angela Taylor, N. D. R. I., Inc.
Bruce D. Johnson, N. D. R. I., Inc.
Andrew Lang Golub, N. D. R. I., Inc.

ABSTRACT
An ADAM-NYC Policing Supplement conducted in 1999 asked 892 arrestees to provide geographic information regarding where they were arrested, lived, socialized, hung out, sold or used drugs, etc. This paper examines the prevalence and typical behaviors of several distinct offender types, which were developed based upon arrestee mobility patterns as they pertain to employment, social life, and criminal activities. "Local" offenders spend almost all their time near their home address with little movement outside that area. In New York City, the "Borough Crosser" regularly frequents other boroughs for social and drug using/selling activities. Several other mobility patterns are present as well. Policy implications are discussed regarding potential geographic displacement of criminal activity resulting from location-specific community-based policing initiatives.

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Updated 05/20/2006