The Effects of Neighborhood and Family Resources on Adolescent Violence and Depression: An Examination by Gender

Brent Teasdale, Pennsylvania State University
Eric Silver, The Pennsylvania State University

ABSTRACT
This study investigates the effects of neighborhood and family resources on violence and depression among adolescent boys and girls. Specifically, we examine the extent to which resource effects are mediated by variables drawn from the social stress/strain and social integration/control literatures in criminology and mental health. We hypothesize that the effects of resource deprivation (both family and neighborhood) on violence and depression will be mediated by the effects of strain/stress and social control/integration. To investigate these issues, we use data from two waves of the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (AddHealth; n=12909). Preliminary results show that both neighborhood and family resources have significant effects on depression and violence, but the effects appear to be stronger for girls. Strain/stress and control/integration variables mediate a substantial amount of the effects of neighborhood and family resources on depression and violence.

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Updated 05/20/2006