Using High-Definition Geographic Information Systems for Situational Crime Control

George Rengert, Temple University

ABSTRACT
Modern police agencies are using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to record crime incidents, identify hot spots, and monitor change in crime patterns over time. In these applications of GIS, crime is mapped on a street network depicted by center lines. Clusters of crime can be identified, but there is no indication of what is clustered about. High definition GIS identifies the site characteristics about which crime is clustered and allows analysts to measure the degree to which crime is spatially aggregated about environmental features and displaced by situational crime control. In this analysis, campus crime, characteristics of the community surrounding the campus, and the impact of situational crime control efforts to control crime on and near campus are evaluated using high definition GIS.

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Updated 05/20/2006