Linda Robyn, Northern Arizona University

The Chippewa people (also known as Ojibwa) of Wisconsin have been waging a battle against huge multinational corporations for years. Indian tribes and grassroots organizations have been resisting corporate and governmental pressures to transform Wisconsin into yet another new resource colony. Treaty rights have been paramount in stopping, or at least slowing down, corporate and government intrustion on Indian lands. The political assault against Indian treaties has resulted in Chippewa people being arrested and criminalized for exercising guaranteed treaty rights. Native people are using their treaty rights to challenge the most powerful institutions within the North American continent. Indigenous peoples are on the frontline of contemporary colonial struggles against banks, corporations, speculators, government, development agencies, and foreign powers. They are sitting on resources the rest of the world wants at the lowest possible cost. This paper examines how the Chippewa are challenging the power structure of multinational corporations and the state, asserting their sovereignty rights as First Nations to control the natural resources within their territories by utilizing

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Updated 05/20/2006