Comparison of Anger Levels Between Correctional Officers and Inmates, and Other Variables

Luz M. Roman Rivera, University of Illinois at Chicago

Literature on anger emotion describes how it can be a risk factor for violent behavior to occur. In three Puerto Rican correctional institutions the Fernandez Emotion Scale (FES) was given to inmates (IM) and correctional officers (CO) to compare anger. The FES is a validated instrument in Puerto Rican folklore composed of 64 items that measures anger emotion in two sub-scales, frequency and intensity. It also includes a Validity Scale that measures with 10 of its items, the honesty of the participants' answers to the complete scale. Inmates also responded to a self-report of substance use and mental health while CO responded to a self-report on workng schedule and years of service. Social demographic variables such as gender, age, social status and education will be also compared in both groups with their anger data. The purpose in comparing anger levels in correctional settings is to discover empirically whether or not the Administration of Corrections in Puerto Rico should consider anger management intervention model for correctional officers, with inmates and/or/both as a promising practice for prevention of violence within corrections. The study results will be available by late March 2001.

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Updated 05/20/2006