Correctional Philosophy Changes in the 21st Century

Roslyn Muraskin, Long Island University - C.W. Post

The central task of administering large jails and state correctional institutions is an extremely challenging problem for criminologists. The prison is directed to incapacitate offenders, control and restrict their movements, change offenders' value orientation and vocational skills, and deter future offenders from committing crimes. This paper will examine both the punitive and rehabilitative aspects of the prison. The paper will examine all aspects of the correctional field as part of the larger system of criminal justice. It will focus on correctional philosophy from a historical role, and the role of corrections in this new century. Included will be discussions of alternatives to incarceration and those problems to be faced. Aspects of punishment and treatment will be reviewed with suggestions for future policies.

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Updated 05/20/2006