Federal Violent Offender and Truth-in-Sentencing Incentive Grants: A National Assessment of the Impact on State Correctional Management and Privatization

Laura J. Hickman, RAND
Susan Turner, RAND
Terry Fain, RAND
Judith Greene, Open Society Institute

ABSTRACT
The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 created two federal incentive grant programs intended to encourage states to increase the length of time violent offenders spend in prison (Violent Offender Incarceration) and ensure that offenders serve at least 85 percent of their sentences (Truth-In-Sentencing). Among other potential outcomes of these grants, increasing the number of inmates in prisons and the amount of time served may have impacts on prison management and state's use of private facilities. The paper will present results from a national assessment of the impact of Violent Offender Incarceration and Truth-In-Sentencing (VOI/TIS) grants on state prison management and use of privatization. Several state-level case studies were also conducted to gather more detailed assessment of the impact of these grants within individual jurisdictions.

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Updated 05/20/2006