The Roles of Victim and Offender Alcohol Use in Sexual Assaults: Results From the National Violence Against Women Survey

Leanne Brecklin, University of Illinois - Chicago
Sarah E. Ullman, University of Illinois - Chicago

ABSTRACT
Objective: The roles of victim and offender alcohol use in the outcomes of sexual assault incidents (rape completion, injury, and medical care) were studied. Method: 859 female sexual assault victims identifed from National Violence Against Women Survey data were exmained. Results: Logistic regression analyses demonstrated that offender drinking was associated with greater likelihood of rape completion, but was unrelated to injury or medical care when victim demographics and assault characteristics were controlled. However, offender aggression was the strongest predictor of both victim injury and medical care outcomes (but not rape completion) in these analyses. Furthermore, neither victim drinking at the time of the incident nor drinking frequency in general were significantly related to assault outcomes in the logistic regression analyses. Conclusions: Rape prevention programs would clearly benefit by adding segments on the roles of offender and victim drinking, offender aggression, and other situational factors in sexual assault outcomes.

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Updated 05/20/2006