A Trend Analysis of the Effectiveness of Community Policing: Results From a Midwestern City

David C. May, Indiana-Purdue University - Fort Wayne
T. Neil Moore, Indiana-Purdue University - Fort Wayne

In recent years, a number of police departments throughout the United States have moved to a variety of community policing models in an effort to reduce crime and improve police community relations. Few studies, however, have examined the impact community policing has had on crime using longitudinal data. In 1994, community policing was implemented in Fort Wayne, Indiana, using a relatively unique strategy, the city-wide model. This study compares changes in the violent and property crime rates of Fort Wayne from 1986 to 1998 with changes in the rates of a number of comparable Midwestern cities using either traditional or another form of community policing. The comparison examines the effect city-wide community policing had on the crime rate above and beyond other known influences on crime (e.g. population and economic changes). Findings, implications of those findings, and guidelines for future research are discussed.

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Updated 05/20/2006